Exploring Mardan: The Industrial Hub of KPK

Exploring Mardan: The Industrial Hub of KPK
Mardan is one of the historical cities in KPK, Pakistan. It is located 50 kilometers away from the provincial capital Peshawar. The city is famous for its industrial sector, and rapid growth has been seen over the past few decades. The oil, agriculture, textile, and cigarette industries are flourishing in this part of the country. The city has a rich cultural heritage and an amazing history dating back centuries. has prepared a detailed tour guide on Mardan. Let’s explore this amazing city with us.



Let’s have a look at the demographics

Demographic Characteristics
Ethnicity Predominantly Pashtun, with smaller communities of Punjabis and others
Language Pashto is the primary language; Urdu is widely understood; other languages spoken include Hindko and English
Religion Predominantly Muslim, with Sunni Islam being the majority; small Shia Muslim and other religious minority communities
Age Group Diverse age distribution, with a significant proportion of youth and working-age adults
Occupation Mainly agriculture-based livelihoods, with a growing presence of small-scale industries and services

A Glimpse into History

Mardan has a rich past dating back centuries. Once a prominent centre along the ancient Silk Road, the city has witnessed the rise and fall of empires, leaving behind a legacy of architectural marvels and archaeological wonders. From the ruins of Takht-i-Bahi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, to the majestic Buddhist stupas scattered across the region, Mardan is a living testament to its glorious past.


Post Independence History

Since gaining independence in 1947, Mardan, a city in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan, has undergone significant changes and developments that have shaped its history in the post-independence era.


Early Years of Independence

Following the partition of British India, Mardan, like the rest of Pakistan, faced the challenge of accommodating refugees and establishing itself as a sovereign nation. The city experienced an influx of migrants, particularly from neighbouring areas such as India’s Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. This influx brought about demographic changes and contributed to the city’s cultural diversity.


Social and Economic Development

In the decades that followed independence, Mardan witnessed notable advancements in social and economic spheres. Efforts were made to improve infrastructure, healthcare, and education, laying the foundation for the city’s development.

The establishment of educational institutions, including Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, played a crucial role in promoting literacy and knowledge in the region.


Agriculture and Industry

Agriculture has traditionally been the backbone of Mardan’s economy, with the region known for its fertile soil and agricultural productivity. Crop cultivation, such as wheat, sugarcane, and tobacco, has been a primary source of livelihood for the local populace. In addition to agriculture, small-scale industries, including textile mills and cottage industries, have contributed to the city’s economic growth.


Challenges and Resilience

Despite progress, Mardan has faced its share of challenges in the post-independence era. Political instability, militancy, and natural disasters have significantly hindered the city’s development. Conflict and terrorism have affected the region, disrupting daily life and hindering economic growth. However, the resilience and determination of the people of Mardan have enabled them to overcome adversity and rebuild their communities.


Exploring Mardan: The Industrial Hub of KPK

Industries in Mardan

While Mardan’s economy has historically been agrarian, the industrial sector has experienced significant growth and diversification in recent years, emerging as a key driver of the city’s development.


Textile Industry

One of the prominent industries in Mardan is the textile sector. The city is home to numerous textile mills and garment manufacturing units, which produce a wide range of textile products, including yarn, fabric, and apparel. The textile industry in Mardan benefits from the region’s abundant cotton cultivation and skilled workforce, making it a major contributor to the local economy and employment opportunities.

Food Processing

The food processing industry is another important sector in Mardan, leveraging the region’s agricultural resources to produce a variety of processed food products. From flour mills and rice processing units to dairy processing plants and fruit preservation facilities, Mardan’s food processing industry adds value to agricultural produce and generates employment for residents.

Construction Materials

Mardan’s strategic location and growing infrastructure needs have spurred the city’s construction materials industry development. Brick kilns, cement factories, and stone crushing units are among the establishments producing construction materials such as bricks, cement, and crushed stone.

These materials are essential for meeting the demand for infrastructure development and housing construction in Mardan and its surrounding areas.


Small-Scale Industries

In addition to large-scale industrial enterprises, Mardan is home to a thriving sector of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) engaged in various manufacturing activities. These include metalworking shops, woodworking workshops, plastic molding units, and handicraft production centers.

These SMEs are crucial in providing employment opportunities to the local population and contributing to the city’s industrial diversity.


Weather in Mardan

The weather in Mardan, Pakistan, is characterised by distinct seasons, each offering its unique climate and atmospheric conditions. During the summer, typically from May to September, Mardan experiences hot and dry weather with temperatures often exceeding 40°C (104°F).

The scorching heat is accompanied by low humidity levels, making summers in Mardan particularly arid and uncomfortable. In contrast, from November to February, winter brings cooler temperatures and occasional rainfall, relieving the summer heat.

Winter temperatures in Mardan can drop to as low as 5°C (41°F), especially at night, necessitating warm clothing and heating arrangements. Spring and autumn are transitional periods, characterised by mild temperatures and pleasant weather, making them ideal times to visit Mardan and explore its natural beauty and cultural attractions.


Exploring Mardan: The Industrial Hub of KPK

Tourist Attractions

Mardan, Pakistan, offers a variety of attractions for visitors to explore, ranging from historical landmarks to natural wonders.

Here are some notable places to visit in Mardan:


A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Takht-i-Bahi is an ancient Buddhist monastery from 1st century CE. Perched atop a hill overlooking the city, the ruins of Takht-i-Bahi offer a glimpse into Mardan’s rich history and architectural heritage.


Swabi River

The Swabi River, also known as the Sawabi River, flows through Mardan, offering picturesque views and opportunities for leisurely walks along its banks. The river provides a serene backdrop for picnics and outdoor activities, making it a popular spot for locals and tourists alike.



Located just a short drive from Mardan, Katlang is known for its lush green fields, orchards, and scenic beauty. Visitors can explore the countryside, take a stroll through the village, and enjoy the tranquillity of rural life.


Khazana Dam

Khazana Dam is a scenic reservoir located on the outskirts of Mardan, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. Visitors can relax by the water, go boating, or enjoy a picnic amidst the serene surroundings.


Shahbaz Garhi

Shahbaz Garhi is an archaeological site famous for its ancient Buddhist stupas and rock carvings dating back to the Gandhara period. The site provides insight into Mardan’s rich Buddhist heritage and is a must-visit for history enthusiasts.


Mardan Museum

The Mardan Museum houses diverse artefacts and exhibits showcasing the region’s cultural and archaeological heritage. Visitors can explore displays ranging from ancient artefacts to contemporary art, providing a comprehensive overview of Mardan’s history and culture.


Gumbat Stupa

Gumbat Stupa is a historical Buddhist monument located near the city, believed to date back to the 2nd century BCE. The stupa’s impressive architecture and religious significance make it a popular pilgrimage site and a fascinating destination for visitors interested in ancient history.


Hospitals in Mardan

Mardan, Pakistan, is equipped with several hospitals and medical facilities to cater to the healthcare needs of its residents and visitors.

Some of the prominent hospitals in Mardan include:

Mardan Medical Complex

Mardan Medical Complex is a leading healthcare institution in the city, providing a wide range of medical services and specialties. The hospital offers state-of-the-art facilities, including emergency care, surgery, paediatrics, gynaecology, and internal medicine.


District Headquarters (DHQ) Hospital Mardan

DHQ Hospital Mardan is a government-run healthcare facility that serves as a referral centre for the district. The hospital offers comprehensive healthcare services, including outpatient clinics, inpatient wards, surgical procedures, and diagnostic imaging.


Mardan Institute of Medical Sciences

Mardan Institute of Medical Sciences is a tertiary care hospital affiliated with Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan. The hospital provides specialised medical services, education, and research opportunities in various medical disciplines.

Mardan Welfare Hospital

Mardan Welfare Hospital is a charitable healthcare facility that offers affordable medical services, including consultations, diagnostics, and treatment, to the underprivileged population of Mardan and its surrounding areas.


Al-Rahim Medical Complex

Al-Rahim Medical Complex is a private healthcare facility offering various medical services, including general medicine, surgery, orthopaedics, and obstetrics. The hospital is equipped with modern amenities and experienced medical staff to provide quality healthcare to patients.


Shah Memorial Hospital

Shah Memorial Hospital is another private healthcare facility in Mardan. It provides medical services in various specialties, including cardiology, urology, dermatology, and ophthalmology. The hospital aims to deliver compassionate and personalised care to patients.

These hospitals, along with several clinics, dispensaries, and diagnostic centres, play a crucial role in ensuring access to quality healthcare services for the residents of Mardan and its surrounding areas.

Exploring Mardan: The Industrial Hub of KPK

Hotels in Mardan

Mardan, Pakistan, offers a range of accommodation options to suit various preferences and budgets. Some of the hotels in the city include:

Taj Mahal Hotel

Taj Mahal Hotel is a well-known hotel in Mardan. It offers comfortable rooms and modern amenities. The hotel features a restaurant serving a variety of cuisines, as well as banquet and conference facilities for events and gatherings.


The Grand Hotel Mardan

The Grand Hotel Mardan is a popular choice for travellers seeking upscale accommodation in the city. The hotel boasts spacious rooms, elegant décor, and a range of facilities including a swimming pool, fitness centre, and on-site dining options.


Swat Continental Hotel

Swat Continental Hotel is located in the heart of Mardan, offering convenient access to the city’s attractions and business districts. The hotel features well-appointed rooms, a restaurant serving local and international cuisine, and event banquet facilities.


Al Syed Hotel and Restaurant:

Al Syed Hotel and Restaurant is a budget-friendly option for travellers seeking affordable Mardan accommodation. The hotel offers simple yet comfortable rooms and a restaurant serving delicious Pakistani dishes.


City Palace Hotel

City Palace Hotel is centrally located in Mardan, making it a convenient choice for travellers. The hotel provides clean and comfortable rooms, friendly service, and basic amenities for a pleasant stay.


Rehman Baba Hotel

Rehman Baba Hotel is named after the famous Pashto Sufi poet Rehman Baba and offers comfortable accommodations for guests visiting. The hotel provides clean rooms, attentive service, and a homely atmosphere for travellers.

These are just a few examples of the hotels available in the city, catering to the diverse needs and preferences of visitors. Whether you’re looking for luxury accommodation or budget-friendly options, Mardan has something to offer every traveller.

How to reach Mardan


Exploring Mardan: The Industrial Hub of KPK


Reaching Mardan, Pakistan, is relatively straightforward, as the city is well-connected by road, rail, and air. Here are the main transportation options for reaching the city:


By Road

Mardan is accessible by road from major cities across Pakistan. The city is connected to the national highway network, making it easily reachable by private car, taxi, or intercity bus. The journey to the city by road offers scenic views of the surrounding countryside and typically takes several hours, depending on the starting point.


By Rail

The Pakistan Railways operates train services to Mardan from various cities. Mardan Railway Station is located in the city’s heart and is a major transportation hub for travellers arriving by train. The railway network provides an affordable and convenient option for reaching Mardan, with regular train services from destinations such as Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, and Peshawar.


By Air

While the city itself does not have its own airport, the nearest airport is Bacha Khan International Airport in Peshawar, which is approximately 45 kilometres away. From the airport, travellers can easily reach there by taxi or private car, with the journey taking around an hour, depending on traffic conditions. Bacha Khan International Airport offers domestic and international flights, providing convenient access to Mardan for travellers arriving by air.


Local Transportation

Visitors can use local transportation options such as taxis, rickshaws, and buses to navigate the city and explore its attractions. Mardan has a well-developed road network, making traveling within the city and its surrounding areas easy.


Mardan, a city located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, is a vibrant blend of rich history, cultural heritage, and natural beauty. From its ancient archaeological sites like Takht-i-Bahi to its picturesque landscapes encompassing the Swabi River and Khazana Dam, the city offers diverse attractions for visitors to explore.

The city’s warm hospitality, delicious cuisine, and bustling bazaars add to its charm, inviting travellers to immerse themselves in its unique tapestry of tradition and modernity.

Frequently Asked Questions

Some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the city, along with their answers:

1. What is the population of Mardan?

As of the latest available data, Mardan’s population is estimated to be around 0.8 million.

2. What is the weather like in Mardan?

The city experiences a variety of weather conditions throughout the year. Summers are typically hot and dry, with temperatures often exceeding 40°C (104°F). Winters are cooler, with temperatures dropping to as low as 5°C (41°F), especially at night. Spring and autumn are transitional seasons characterized by mild temperatures and pleasant weather.

3. What are the main attractions in Mardan?

The city boasts several attractions for visitors to explore, including historical landmarks such as Takht-i-Bahi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and Gumbat Stupa. The city is also known for its natural beauty. The places like Swabi River and Khazana Dam offering picturesque views and recreational opportunities.

4. How can I reach Mardan?

It is accessible by road, rail, and air. Travellers can reach the city by private car, taxi, or intercity bus via the national highway network. Train services are available from major cities across Pakistan, and the nearest airport is Bacha Khan International Airport in Peshawar, approximately 45 kilometres away.

5. Are there accommodation options in Mardan?

Yes, the city offers a range of accommodation options to suit different preferences and budgets. Hotels, guesthouses, and lodges are available in the city, providing comfortable lodging for travellers. Some popular hotels in Mardan include the Taj Mahal Hotel, The Grand Hotel Mardan, and the Swat Continental Hotel.

6. What is the local cuisine like in Mardan?

The city is known for its delicious Pashtun cuisine, including chapli kebabs, pulao, and meat-based curries. Traditional Pashtun breads like naan and roti are also popular. Visitors can enjoy authentic Pashtun cuisine at local restaurants and eateries throughout the city.

For more details, visit the Graana blog.

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