Faisal Mosque (Masjid) Islamabad Location & Construction Information

Faisal Mosque (Masjid) Islamabad Location & Construction Information
Faisal Mosque Islamabad stands as the largest mosque in South Asia and the sixth-largest in the world. This marvel of modern Islamic architecture is not just a place of worship but a symbol of the nation''s founding ideals. Below is a detailed overview highlighting its significance, design, and historical context.
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Overview and Historical Context

Faisal Mosque is an iconic landmark in Islamabad, Pakistan. Its construction was completed in 1986, and it was officially established in 1987. The mosque''s inception is intertwined with the history of Islamabad, symbolizing the city''s and the nation''s aspirations. It was funded by King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, reflecting the strong cultural and religious ties between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.

Faisal Mosque

Main Building

The main building of Faisal Mosque is a unique blend of contemporary and Islamic architecture, designed by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay. The structure departs from traditional domed mosques and instead features an eight-sided shell-shaped sloping roof. The design is inspired by a Bedouin tent, symbolizing simplicity and the vastness of the desert.

Faisal Mosque

Key Features:
  • Roof: The mosque''s roof is an iconic triangular shape, reflecting modernist influences while incorporating traditional Islamic design elements.
  • Minarets: The four 90-meter-high minarets emphasize the mosque''s grandeur, modeled after Turkish tradition.
  • Prayer Hall: The expansive prayer hall can accommodate up to 300,000 worshippers, making it one of the largest mosques in the world.
  • Materials: Constructed primarily of white marble, the mosque features intricate mosaics and calligraphy, particularly verses from the Quran.
Prayer Hall

The prayer hall of Faisal Mosque is designed to accommodate a large number of worshippers, with a capacity of 300,000. The interior is adorned with beautiful calligraphy and mosaics, providing a serene and spiritual atmosphere. The hall''s vast open space is supported by minimal pillars, giving an unobstructed view of the mihrab (prayer niche).

Faisal Mosque Islamabad

Year Established: 1987

The mosque was officially established in 1987, marking its significance as a monumental piece of Islamic architecture and a national landmark.

Architect: Vedat Dalokay

The mosque was designed by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay, who won an international competition for the mosque''s design. Dalokay''s vision was to create a modern yet culturally significant structure, blending contemporary design with traditional Islamic architectural elements.

Faisal Masjid

Architectural Styles: Islamic architecture, Contemporary architecture

The mosque uniquely combines Islamic and contemporary architectural styles. The design breaks away from traditional domes, opting instead for a modern, angular shape reminiscent of a Bedouin tent.

Construction Cost: US$120 million

The construction of the mosque was funded by King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud after whom the mosque is named. The total cost amounted to approximately US$120 million, a testament to its grand scale and the quality of materials used.

Faisal Mosque Islamabad

Year Opened: 1986

Despite being established in 1987, the Faisal Mosque was actually opened to the public a year earlier in 1986. This was the year when the main construction was completed and the mosque began to host worshippers.

Capacity: 300,000 worshippers

With a capacity to accommodate 300,000 worshippers, Faisal Mosque is among the largest mosques in the world. The vast prayer hall and expansive courtyard are designed to host large congregations, especially during significant Islamic events.

Height: 90 meters

The mosque features four minarets, each rising to a height of 90 meters. These minarets are slender and pointed, reflecting Turkish architectural influences and adding to the mosque''s majestic silhouette against the skyline.

Minaret(s): 4
The four minarets of Faisal Mosque are a defining feature. They not only symbolize Islamic tradition but also serve practical purposes such as calling the faithful to prayer. Faisal Mosque Islamabad

Geographic Coordinates:
 33°43′48″N 73°02′18″E / 33.729944°N 73.038436°E

These coordinates pinpoint the exact location of the mosque, making it easy for visitors and tourists to locate it. The mosque''s positioning at the foot of the Margalla Hills adds to its scenic and tranquil environment.

Administration: International Islamic University, Islamabad

The administration and maintenance of the mosque are overseen by the International Islamic University in Islamabad. This institution is responsible for ensuring the mosque remains a center for religious and educational activities.

Mausoleum of Zia ul-Haq
  • Location: The mausoleum is situated adjacent to the Faisal Mosque.
  • Overview: This is the final resting place of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, the former President of Pakistan, who died in a plane crash in 1988.
  • Design: The mausoleum is a simple yet dignified structure, reflecting the austere lifestyle of Zia-ul-Haq. It is constructed with white marble and is surrounded by well-maintained gardens.
  • Significance: The mausoleum holds historical significance as Zia-ul-Haq played a crucial role in shaping Pakistan''s political landscape during his tenure.
Faisal Mosque Islamabad

Shah Faisal Ave, E-8, Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory 44000

Located in the capital city of Islamabad, the mosque is situated on Shah Faisal Avenue in the E-8 sector. This area is known for its scenic views and proximity to the Margalla Hills, providing a serene backdrop to the mosque.

Phone Number:
 (051) 2854860

The mosque''s administration can be contacted via this phone number for inquiries, guided tours, and other information.

Key Features and Significance
  • Design Inspiration: The design of Faisal Mosque draws inspiration from a Bedouin tent, symbolizing the simplicity and vastness of the desert. This contemporary take on traditional elements makes it a unique piece of Islamic architecture.
  • Interior Decor: The interior is adorned with mosaics, calligraphy, and Quranic verses, creating a spiritual ambiance for worshippers.
  • Tourist Attraction: Beyond its religious significance, the mosque is a major attraction for tourists who come to marvel at its architectural beauty and serene surroundings.
  • Cultural Importance: The mosque serves as a cultural and religious hub, hosting events, lectures, and educational programs in collaboration with the International Islamic University.

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Faisal Mosque is not only a place of worship but also a symbol of modern Islamic architecture and a cultural landmark in Pakistan. Its grand scale, unique design, and serene location make it a significant site for both locals and visitors.

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